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Từ viết tắt – giá trị tham khảo



Abbreviations.

A-a: Alveolar-arterial (oxygen gradient) ABG: arterial blood gas

ACEM: Australasian College for Emergency Medicine AF: atrial fibrillation

AG: anion gap

APO: acute pulmonary oedema

ARDS: adult respiratory distress syndrome Ax: assessment

AXR: abdominal x-ray

BiPAP: bilevel positive airway pressure BSL: blood sugar level

Ca: cancer

COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease CPAP: continuous positive airway pressure CT: computed tomography (scan)

CTPA: computed tomography pulmonary angiogram CVA: cerebrovascular accident

CVC: central venous catheter CXR: chest x-ray

(D)Dx: (differential) diagnosis DKA: diabetic ketoacidosis DR: delta ratio

DVT: deep vein thrombosis ECG: electrocardiogram Ex: examination (physical)

FACEM: Fellow of the Australasian College for Emergency Medicine

FAST: focused abdominal sonography in trauma

FRACP: Fellow of the Royal Australian College of Physicians

GCS: Glasgow coma score Hx: history

ICH: intracerebral haemorrhage

IPPV: invasive positive airway pressure Ix: investigation

LRTI: lower respiratory tract infection N: normal

NAGMA: normal (or non) anion gap metabolic acidosis

NAI: non-accidental injury PE: pulmonary embolus

RAGMA: raised anion gap metabolic acidosis RTA: renal tubular acidosis

SAH: subarachnoid haemorrhage

SIRS: systemic inflammatory response syndrome VAQ: visual aid questions

VBG: venous blood gas

V/Q: ventilation perfusion ratio

Các giá trị tham khảo

Các giá trị tham khảo bình thường được sử dụng trong cuốn sách này:

pH: 7.35 – 7.45

PO2: 100 mmHg (13.3 kPa)

PCO2: 35 – 45 mmHg (4.6 – 6 kPa)

HCO3-: 24 mmol/L

Base Excess: -3 to +3

Lactate: <2 mmol/L

Na+: 135 – 145 mmol/L K+: 3.5 – 4.5mmol/L Cl-: 100 – 115 mmol/L

Creatinine: <100 mmol/L

Urea: <7 mmol/L

Glucose: <6.5 mmol/L


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